When a single ulcer occurs in someone’s rectum and causes signs and symptoms such as rectal bleeding with straining when the person passes bowel movements, it means that they have solitary rectal ulcer syndrome.
This is a rare disorder that occurs in people with chronic constipation or those who've had injury to their rectum. This syndrome can be recurrent, and in some cases, it may cause more than one lesion, or lesions that are ... more
Sometimes, when food is eaten too fast or isn’t chewed enough, a person may experience difficulty swallowing, a condition called dysphagia. But when a person is experiencing persistent dysphagia, there might be a serious medical condition where treatment might be needed. It’ll take more time and effort to move food or liquid from the mouth to the stomach when someone has dysphagia. Pain may also be associated with dysphagia and ... more
One of the causes of back pain is a herniated disk, which is also called a ruptured disk or a slipped disk. If someone experiences back pain that shoots down their leg, everyday activities may become difficult or even intolerable.
The spine is made up of bones called vertebrae, which are cushioned by small oval pads of cartilage or disks that consist of a soft inner layer called nucleus, and a tough outer layer called ... more
When someone has brain AVM (arteriovenous malformation), the normal flow of blood between the arteries and veins is interrupted due to an abnormal connection between them. Although a congenital AVM usually develops in the brain or spine, but it could occur anywhere in the body.
A brain AVM can occur in any part of the brain and it looks like tangles of normal and dilated blood vessels.
The cause of brain AVM is not clear, and the only ... more
For most children, chickenpox was once considered a rite of passage. The number of children contracting chickenpox and hospitalizations is down dramatically thanks to the development of vaccine.
There is no way to know which infected child or adult will develop a severe case of chickenpox, which is a mild disease in most cases. But when it does occur, it's highly contagious among people who aren't immune.
The good ... more
Inguinal hernias occur when soft tissue — usually part of the intestine — protrudes through a weak point or tear in the lower abdominal wall. The resulting bulge can be painful — especially when the patient coughs, bends over or lifts a heavy object.
Not necessarily dangerous in themselves, inguinal hernias can lead to life-threatening complications. For this reason, the doctor is likely to recommend surgical repair of ... more