In both adults and children a broken arm is a common injury. In adults, it occurs during a sports activity or car accident, while in children it occurs as a result of falling onto an outstretched hand while hopping, skipping, running and jumping around. It is quite important to treat a broken arm as soon as possible in order for it to heal properly, and for that reason, a person should seek prompt medical attention in case they or their child ... more
A specific type of urinary tract infection that starts in the urethra or bladder and travels up into the kidneys is called pyelonephritis, or kidney infection. The kidneys could be permanently damaged by this infection or it may spread to the bloodstream and cause a life-threatening infection if it is not treated promptly.
The typical treatment for kidney infection is antibiotics. In most cases, hospitalization is required. ... more
Paget's disease of bone affects how the bones are broken down and rebuilt. Old bone is replaced with new bone throughout life, in healthy bone metabolism. Paget's disease of bone causes a distortion in the rate of breaking down old bone and building new bone. Fragile and misshaped bones are the result of this disease on the long run.
Older people are more susceptible to Paget's disease of bone. This may be because ... more
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is cancer that occurs in the nasopharynx, which is positioned behind the nose and above the back of the throat.
Although rare in some countries, but nasopharyngeal carcinoma occurs commonly in other countries, such as northern Africa and Asia.
Symptoms of nasopharyngeal carcinoma resemble those of many other conditions and the nasopharynx is not easy to examine; these factors make this ... more
"Dysmenorrhea" is the medical term for menstrual cramps that women deal with.
The throbbing, dull or cramping pains in the lower abdomen are menstrual cramps. Menstrual cramps are experienced by many women just before and during their menstrual periods. The discomfort can be severe enough to interfere with everyday activities for a few days every month for some women. But for others, it may be merely annoying.
Usually, ... more
Healthy brain tissue degenerates in Alzheimer’s disease, causing a steady decline in memory and mental abilities.
It is the most common cause of dementia, which is the loss of intellectual and social abilities that is severe enough to interfere with daily functioning. It is not a part of normal aging and the risk of this disorder increases with age. Although only about 5% of the people between 65 and 74 have Alzheimer's disease, ... more