Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that attach one bone to the another. The cruciate ligaments connect the thighbone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia). The anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments create a cross in the center of the knee.
A far less frequently occurring condition known as posterior cruciate ligament injury than does injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) known as the knee’s counterpart. Both the ... more
The inflammatory disease that can develop as a complication of untreated or poorly treated strep throat is called rheumatic fever. The infection with group A streptococcus bacteria is the cause of strep throat.
Though it can develop in younger children and adults, rheumatic fever is most common in 5- to 15- year old children. People between the ages of 25 to 35, are most affected by recurring episodes of rheumatic fever.
Rheumatic ... more
The softening and weakening of bones in children, which is usually because of an extreme and prolonged vitamin D deficiency, is called rickets.
To build strong bones, the child needs calcium and phosphorus, and vitamin D is essential in promoting absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the gastrointestinal tract. When there is a deficiency of vitamin D, it becomes difficult to maintain proper calcium and phosphorus levels in ... more
Astigmatism, which can cause blurred vision, is a common, mild and easily treatable imperfection in the curvature of the eye.
Often, astigmatism is present at birth, but because it’s not pronounced enough, it doesn’t require corrective action. This condition can also occur in combination with nearsightedness or farsightedness. However, corrective lenses and surgery are the treatment options available in case it is ... more
Located near the knee joint is the bursa, which is a small fluid-filled, pad-like sac that reduces friction and cushions pressure points between the bones and the tendons and muscles near the joints. Knee bursitis is the inflammation of the bursa.
Each knee has 11 bursae. Knee bursitis most commonly occurs over the kneecap or on the inner side of the knee below the joint, despite the fact that any of the bursae could become ... more
Abnormal cholesterol levels, excess body fat around the waist, increased blood pressure or elevated insulin levels that occur together, increasing one's risk of diabetes, stroke and heart disease, is the cluster of conditions called metabolic syndrome.
Having just one of these conditions contributes to one's risk of a serious disease, though it isn't diagnosed as metabolic syndrome. The risk is even greater if more than one ... more