Hirschsprung's disease is a congenital one, which occurs as the result of missing nerve cells in the muscles of a portion of the baby's colon. This disease affects the large intestine ــ also called the colon ــ and causes problems with passing stool.
Children with this disease may have problems absorbing nutrients from food, or they could be constipated. Mild cases of Hirschsprung's disease may not be detected until ... more
Acute diarrhea is a common condition that everyone at some time has gone through. The loose, watery stools and abdominal cramps that characterize diarrhea often linger for a couple of days. Diarrhea usually indicates going to the toilet more often than usual in addition to a greater volume of stool. Chronic diarrhea lingers much longer than acute diarrhea, generally longer than four weeks. Chronic diarrhea could be a sign of inflammatory ... more
Teens are usually moody and argumentative. Even sometimes children that are best-behaved could be challenging and hard to manage. But in case the child or teen has a relentless pattern of tantrums, arguing and angry or disruptive behaviors towards the person in question and other authority figures, this child or teen might have oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Doctors, counselors and child development experts could help the parents ... more
Tetanus is a potentially life threatening bacterial disease. It is initiated by a toxin that causes stiffness of the muscles, especially the muscles of the jaw; it may also lead to sever muscle cramps and difficulty breathing.
Clostridium tetani, which are the spores of the tetanus, may be found in soil, but they can also be found almost about anywhere. If the bacteria come into contact with an open wound, they may produce the ... more
The softer parts of a child's bones where growth occurs is called growth plates. These growth plates are the weakest sections of the skeleton, sometimes weaker than the surrounding ligaments and tendons. Growth plates are located at each end of a bone. An injury that would result in a joint sprain for an adult could cause a growth plate fracture in a child because growth plates are so fragile.
Because growth plate fractures ... more
Caused by a bacterium known as legionella, Legionnaires' disease is a severe form of pneumonia.
Inhaling the bacteria causes this disease. People can't catch Legionnaires' disease from person-to-person contact. People who are especially susceptible to this disease include smokers, older adults and people with weakened immune systems.
Pontiac fever, which is a milder illness that resembles the flu, ... more