The natural shock absorber, which is the cartilage under the kneecap (patella), is not guaranteed for lifetime. The general term that refers to damage to the cartilage under the kneecap is chondromalacia patella, which may be caused by injury, overuse or other factors. Patellofemoral pain is a more accurate term for chondromalacia patella.
To ease patellofemoral pain, the patient may sometimes need physical therapy or even surgery, even ... more
The bacterial throat infection that can make someone’s throat feel sore and scratchy is known as strep throat. Strep throat makes up only a small portion of sore throats, because in most cases, viruses are the cause of sore throats that usually go away on their own.
The diagnosis of strep throat is quite important. Rheumatic fever and kidney inflammation are some of the complications that an untreated strep throat may cause. ... more
Parkinson's disease starts as a mild tremor in just one hand, then it starts its gradual development. This disease can also commonly result in a slowing or freezing of movement; but the most known sign of the disease is still the tremor. In the case of having the condition, a patient's face ceases to show expressions and his/her arms remain still while walking. A mumbling of speech is also common. These symptoms deteriorate along with ... more
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a heart defect discovered at birth (congenital) defined as a relentless opening between two major blood vessels leading from the heart, which usually closes on its own or is treatable. This condition could result in too excess blood flowing through the heart, weakening the heart muscle and leading to heart failure and other complications when left untreated.
A minor patent ductus arteriosus usually ... more
Certain parasites that live on waterfowl and freshwater snails cause an itchy rash known as swimmer's itch or cercarial dermatitis.
These parasites are usually released into the water, especially in calm freshwater lakes or ponds, on warm and sunny days. These parasites may burrow into the skin of someone who is swimming, where they cause the rash of swimmer's itch. However, they die soon because the human body isn't a ... more
Also called erythema infectiosum or slapped-cheek disease because of the facial rash that looks like slap marks parvovirus infection is commonly called fifth disease, because it was the fifth in a group of diseases that have similar rashes affecting children. These five diseases are measles, rubella, scarlet fever, Dukes' disease and parvovirus infection.
Regardless of the name, this disease is still infecting children ... more