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Clofen

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Indications:

Baclofen is used for treating spasm of skeletal muscles that cause muscle clonus, rigidity, and pain due to multiple sclerosis.

Contraindications:

Hypersensitivity. Active peptic ulcer disease.

Adverse reactions:

Baclofen may cause drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, headache, seizures, nausea, vomiting, low blood pressure, constipation, confusion, respiratory depression, inability to sleep, and increased urinary frequency or urinary retention. Abrupt discontinuation of oral baclofen may cause seizures and hallucinations. Abrupt discontinuation of intrathecal baclofen may result in high fever, rebound spasticity, muscle rigidity, and rhabdomyolysis (muscle breakdown) that can progress to failure of several organs, including the kidney, and even death.

Interactions:

Use of baclofen with other drugs that also depress the function of nerves may lead to additional reduction in brain function. In addition to the risk of depressing brain function, the use of baclofen and tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., Elavil, Sinequan) together may cause muscle weakness. Use of baclofen and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (e.g. Nardil, Parnate) can result in greater depression of brain function as well as low blood pressure. Because baclofen can increase blood sugar, doses of antidiabetic drugs may need to be adjusted when baclofen is begun.

Warnings:

PREGNANCY: The use of baclofen by pregnant women has not been evaluated. NURSING MOTHERS: Baclofen can be detected in the breast milk of mothers taking oral baclofen. No information is available on the presence of baclofen in the breast milk of mothers receiving baclofen intrathecally. Tell your doctor your medical history, especially of: diabetes, kidney problems, seizures, mental/emotional problems, brain disorders (e.g., stroke), ulcers, allergies (especially drug allergies). Because this drug may cause dizziness or drowsiness, use caution when driving or performing tasks that require alertness. Limit alcohol consumption as it may increase the drowsiness or dizziness effects of this drug. Elderly patients may be more sensitive to the effects of this drug. Use cautiously. This drug should be used only if clearly needed during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. This drug is excreted into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Form:

TABLET

Dosage and Administration

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