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Teenage Pregnancy Rates Increased by Inequality

Teenage Pregnancy Rates Increased by Inequality

(ePharmaNews) - Teenage pregnancy is a problem for teenage mothers and children and society as a whole. According to a Non-Government Organization Save the Children, there are 13 million children around the world that are born to women under 20 years old, annually; that is more than 90% in the developing countries.

A teen pregnancy is considered high risk due to the immaturity of the (adolescent’s) body, which puts them at risk of pre-eclampsia or haemorrhages, conditions that are among the main causes of maternal mortality. Teen pregnancies also have negative consequences for the health of the newborn, including low birth weight and immature lungs and temperature regulation systems, which can endanger the child’s life. Over the long term, teen mothers often find their life's ambitions stymied because they must abandon their education to raise the child and later have limited employment prospects.

While the U.S teen birth is the highest in the developed world (more than triple the rates in Spain, Japan, and Sweden), but according to (Gatematcher) Institute report, this rate has declined from 1990 to 2008 by 42%.

New research reveals the surprising economics behind the high U.S. teen birth rates; they found that teens of low socioeconomic status were more likely to give birth if they lived in a state with high income inequality.
For the first time, Wellesley College and University of Maryland conducted a large-scale empirical investigation to study the role that income inequality plays in determining early, non-martial childbearing.
"If a young woman sees little chance of improving her life by investing in her education and career skills, or by marriage, she is more likely to choose the security, immediate gratification and happiness of parenthood" one of the authors said.
The findings bear important implications for policymakers. According to the study,"If the problem is perceived lack of economic opportunity, then policy interventions need to attack that. Access to early childhood education programs and college financial aid, for instance, has proven to be successful in improving the earnings—and sense of hope—of participants. Our findings show that these programs may also have the added benefit of lowering teen pregnancy rates. Giving teens a sense of opportunity and hope may be much a more powerful prescription than abstinence-only, sex education, or birth control combined."

However, mothers aged 14-19 account for 24% of Mexico’s annual births, authorities said.
 “More than 60 percent of teen pregnancies are unplanned”, many of whom do not use any forms of birth control. ”The lack of use of some method of contraception increases the risk of having unplanned pregnancies and contracting sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS,”
In Turkey, the Turkish Statistical Institute revealed recently a sharp decline by 37%, in the rates of mothers between 15-19 years old, during the past decade. However, the Diyarbakir hospital for childhood and motherhood diseases recently issued a report showed that 415 teenage girl, ranging in age from 11 to 17 years, have given birth in one hospital and in less than a year.
Apparently, this phenomenon is turning into a global problem that requires concerted efforts to protect the "children" from becoming “mothers".

اضغط هنا للقراءة باللغة العربية

Prepared by: Marcell Shehwaro
Translated by: Marcell Shehwaro

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